May 11, 2019

The Many Parts of a Deck: Frames, Footings, & Joists

Our team answers homeowner questions every weekend on WCCO 830 AM from 9:00 am-10:00 am.  Have your most pressing deck construction and home improvement questions answered by calling 651-461-9226 or texting 81807.  Here’s must-know information from our in-house deck specialist, Luke Panek, shared on 5.11.19. 

Many homeowners only build a deck once or twice in a lifetime.  Because of this, a common trap that rookies fall into that causes unnecessary stress when DIY-ing a deck is not allowing themselves enough time to get their project started.  Reliable deck contractors quickly book up months in advance.  Oftentimes homeowners are disappointed to learn that there’s a significant wait time to having a deck built and that the early bird really does get the worm.  If you’re considering working with a deck builder or building your own deck, here are deck components you should be aware of.

Deck Frame

Most homeowners falsely believe that only their deck’s flooring and railing must be replaced.  Not replacing the framing at the same time can be an unwise decision.  Over time, the deck frame can fall victim to dry rot.  This may not be evident until deck construction begins and the preexisting decking has been removed.  Although the deck frame has the most important function of the deck, it’s the least expensive component to replace.

Deck Joints

When building a deck, it’s also important to consider the deck joist spacing.  As part of the deck’s framing, joists are a sequence of long, horizontal pieces that act as a support system for the deck.  The outline term for joists is “on center” which is the center-to-center distance between deck joists.  12 inches on center is the best spacing for composite deck building because it will feel rock solid.  16 inches on center can cause a composite deck to flex.  With a wood deck, 16 inches on center feels rigid.

Deck Footings

Deck footings are oftentimes an afterthought for homeowners, but it’s important to understand popular options available within the marketplace.  Diamond Pier® deck footings are good for moist soils.  They can be identified by a concrete diamond at the top with pins that are jack hammered into the ground to give a tripod like appearance.  Helical pier deck footings look like an ice auger that penetrates the ground.  They average a foot in diameter.   Cylindrical pier footings are the shape of a flashlight and average about a foot in diameter for the main shaft of the footing.

Diamond Pier® Deck Footings

diamond pier

Ipe or PVC Decking?

In the realm of wood decking, Ipe is gaining popularity with homeowners and contractors.  This South American walnut is lauded for its hardness and density.  In terms of longevity, it lasts longer than many other wood decking materials.  To keep it looking its best, it must be regularly sanded and stained.  Aluminum and powder coated railing systems can be used in tandem with these decks in order to lessen maintenance.  Metal railings with a darker color are popular because they allow for an expanded backyard view.

TimberTech® PVC decking is popular among homeowners that want the aesthetics of a wood deck without the upkeep and maintenance.  No sanding, staining, or sealing is required, although power washing one a year is recommended to remove any dirt, pollen, mold, and mildew.  its long-lasting performance proves resistance to the elements as composite decks often last 30 years or more.  The brand also offers composite decking options.

Watch the video below to see a TimberTech® deck installation with a Fortress® steel railing and framing.  

Listen to the Entire Deck Construction Episode Here:

Browse Our Composite Deck Building Designs:

Our Composite Deck Building & Installation Reviews:

"Lindus was great to work with. We couldn’t be happier with our new deck."

Todd M.
Woodbury, MN
May 5, 2022

"I was out of state when the work was done so all I have seen is pictures. I can say this company is great with communication, returning calls, & scheduling. Always very friendly and professional. From what I can see in pictures, they did a great job on the deck!"

Sally M.
Excelsior, MN
April 18, 2022

Gutters and deck on our new construction. We love our new deck. The gutters were installed right on time and are performing well. On both jobs the young men were excellent. Very skilled and willing to work with us if we decided to make changes.”

Craig S.
Minnetrista, MN
October 28, 2021

"Very happy with my new steel deck and LeafGuard® Gutters. Installed quickly and professionally. Everything looks great!  I would definitely recommend Lindus Construction."

Joanne S.
Woodbury, MN
October 7, 2021

"In September 2019 had our Plymouth home re roofed with GAF Glenwoods. Major project with new deck boards, removal of insulation and spray foam. Plus new LeafGuard® Gutters.  Not cheap but done quickly and more importantly correctly.  Carl, supervisor was great. Now we have great warranty (lifetime) insurance discount, and an impressive looking roof."

Mark M.
Plymouth, MN
August 5, 2021

You just finished our porch remodel, Lindus, you guys did a great job.

Crist B.
Chisago City, MN
April 10, 2021
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