If your home is drafty and uncomfortable one of the top solutions is the addition of more insulation and ventilation. However, where the insulation is installed can have a major impact on its overall effect. Here are the top three areas where insulation can be applied to create a more energy efficient space.
Walls: If you place your hands on the interior walls of your home and they feel dry and warm, chances are that your insulation is enough in those areas. However, if walls feel cold and damp, additional insulation is likely needed. If a home has adequate levels of insulation, exterior walls should feel cooler than interior ones because the insulation is working to contain warm air within the home. Proper levels of wall insulation prevent drafts and rampant temperature swings between the rooms within your home. Wall insulation can also work to lower the amount of sound transfer throughout your home.
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Attic: Attic insulation is most often talked about, and with good reason. Inadequate roof insulation and ventilation will cause the heat you paid for to escape your home and will eventually cause ice dams. In addition, the proper levels of insulation lower your energy bills and place a lower strain on your furnace because it is not running more than necessary. Not sure if you need more insulation? If you visit your attic and your home’s current insulation is below or level with the floor joists, more is almost always needed. Contact a reputable insulation contractor that can utilize tools such as smoke sticks, infrared imaging, and blower doors to determine where energy is leaking from your home and why. In our climate, it is recommended that attic insulation be a minimum of R-50. Attic air sealing around soffits and the attic access hatch should also be completed in order to create the most energy efficient space possible.
Crawl Space: If your home’s floors feel cold all winter or frozen pipes are a continuous concern, an under insulated crawl space is often to blame. By having a professional install spray foam in the crawl space and on the rim joist, both scenarios can be avoided. Upgrading to a conditioned crawl space will allow your duct work to remain warmer in the winter months and cooler in the summer. This allows for enhanced distribution of hot and cold air throughout your home at the proper times of the year.